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Rousseau, Henri, France 1844 to 1910 Oil Paintings

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Henri Rousseau was born in Laval, France known as one of the greatest 'naïve artists', a term applied to painters with no formal expertise, working with bright colours, and with an innocent perspective. He painted many landscapes and portraits throughout his career, one of his most famous works being a literal combination of the two, 'Myself. Portrait-Landscape'.He is probably best known for his jungle scenes, the 'Tiger in a Tropical Storm (Surprised!)' and 'The Dream'. He claimed these images were inspired by his time in the army serving in Mexico but it is more likely that zoos and illustrated books were his sources. His nickname was "Le Douanier" ,was given by his friend, the poet Alfred Jarry,in reference to his day job as a toll collector at a city gate in Paris. It translates to "the customs officer," which sounds much more elegant than "toll collector." The name caught on amongst Rousseau's artist friends and persists to this day. Henri Rousseau paintings are from the elegant 'Avenue in the Parc de Saint-Cloud' to the grotesque 'Boy on the Rocks'. His untrained eye gave him a freshness of vision and his vivid imagination gave rise to some fantastic scenes. His attention to detail was also very precise even when working on a large scale. What characterises Rousseau's paintings and perhaps all the 'naïve painters' or 'primitives' was the real urge for self-expression and the fulfilment that is evident in the paintings they produced. Another characteristic these painters was poverty and so Rousseau died penniless, was buried in a pauper's grave and it was only later that his paintings began to achieve a reputation.
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Avenue in the Park at Saint Cloud

Avenue in the Park at Saint Cloud by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0100-KA)

Carnival Evening

Carnival Evening by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0102-KA)

The Banks of the Bievre near Bicetre

The Banks of the Bievre near Bicetre by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0104-KA)

The Customs Post

The Customs Post by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0105-KA)

Rendezvous in the Forest

Rendezvous in the Forest by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0106-KA)

Promenade in the Forest

Promenade in the Forest by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0108-KA)

View of the Ile Saint-Louis

View of the Ile Saint-Louis by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0110-KA)

View of the Fortifications

View of the Fortifications by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0112-KA)

View of the Bridge Sevres

View of the Bridge Sevres by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0114-KA)

View from the Quai Henri IV

View from the Quai Henri IV by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0116-KA)

The Environs of Paris

The Environs of Paris by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0118-KA)

Saw Mill Outskirts of Paris

Saw Mill Outskirts of Paris by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0120-KA)

Ivry Quay

Ivry Quay by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0122-KA)

Chair Factory

Chair Factory by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0124-KA)

View of Malakoff Paris Region

View of Malakoff Paris Region by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0126-KA)

The Orchard

The Orchard by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0128-KA)

The Banks of the Oise

The Banks of the Oise by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0130-KA)

The Football Players

The Football Players by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0132-KA)

Jardin du Luxembourg

Jardin du Luxembourg by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0134-KA)

Old Juniere s Cart

Old Juniere s Cart by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0136-KA)

The Artillerymen

The Artillerymen by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0138-KA)

The Representatives of Foreign Powers

The Representatives of Foreign Powers by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0140-KA)

A Centennial of Independence

A Centennial of Independence by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0142-KA)

Myself Portrait-Landscape

Myself Portrait-Landscape by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0144-KA)

Portrait of Monsieur X

Portrait of Monsieur X by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0145-KA)

Portrait of the Artist with a Lamp

Portrait of the Artist with a Lamp by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0146-KA)

The Muse Inspiring the Poet

The Muse Inspiring the Poet by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0148-KA)

Young Girl in Pink

Young Girl in Pink by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0150-KA)

War 2

War 2 by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0152-KA)

The Sleeping Gypsy

The Sleeping Gypsy by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0154-KA)

Eve 55

Eve 55 by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0155-KA)

Landscape with Cattle 56

Landscape with Cattle 56 by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0156-KA)

Two Monkeys in the Jungle

Two Monkeys in the Jungle by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0158-KA)

Tiger in a Tropical Storm

Tiger in a Tropical Storm by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0159-KA)

The Repast of the Lion

The Repast of the Lion by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0160-KA)

Tiger Hunt

Tiger Hunt by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0161-KA)

The Equatorial Jungle

The Equatorial Jungle by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0162-KA)

The Waterfall

The Waterfall by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0164-KA)

The Dream 66

The Dream 66 by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0166-KA)

Surprise

Surprise by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0168-KA)

Monkeys in the Jungle

Monkeys in the Jungle by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0170-KA)

Merry Jesters

Merry Jesters by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0172-KA)

Horse Attacked by a Jaguar

Horse Attacked by a Jaguar by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0174-KA)

Fight Between a Tiger and a Buffalo

Fight Between a Tiger and a Buffalo by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0176-KA)

Exotic Landscape Fight between Gorilla and Indian

Exotic Landscape Fight between Gorilla and Indian by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0178-KA)

The Flamingos

The Flamingos by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: RO-0250-KA)

Flowers in a Vase 75

Flowers in a Vase 75 by  Henri Rousseau (Painting ID: SL-0075-KA)